Jonathan's Space Pages

Large LEO Satellite Constellations

Constellation List - Large (but not Enormous) LEO (50-1000 satellites)

I consider constellations with N > 50 planned satellites as 'Large' and N > 1000 as 'Enormous'.

Large (expected 50 < N < 1000 ) existing and planned LEO constellations are listed here. The `enormous' constellations are listed here

The tables show:


ConstellationState Layer Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane First Launch Last Launch Active Inactive Total Sats up Total Sats Planned
km deg (planned) (planned)
Parus SU 1 990 83.0 6 1 1967 2010 4 139 143 20
Strela-1M SU 1 1470 74.0 1 16 1970 1992 0 360 360 50
ESO SU 1 400 -nan UNK UNK 1976 1995 0 0 0 48
Strela-3 SU 1 1400 82.6 2 10 1985 - 16 136 152 50
Iridium US 1 778 86.4 6 11 1997 - 75 31 106 75
Globalstar US 1 1415 52.0 8 6 1998 - 31 54 85 48
Planet US 1 500 97.5 UNK UNK 2014 - 179 133 312 150
Spire US 1 500 97.5 UNK UNK 2014 - 52 64 116 90
Swarm US 1 525 97.0 UNK UNK 2018 - 173 0 173 150
Kicksat US 1 270 51.6 UNK UNK 2018 2018 0 0 0 100
Jilin CN 1 540 97.5 UNK UNK 2015 - 70 0 70 100
Tselina-D SU 1 650 82.5 UNK UNK 1970 1993 0 39 39 10
Meteor SU 1 900 81.2 UNK UNK 1966 - 2 52 54 3
Orbcomm US 1 800 45.0 4 8 1995 - 31 27 58 40
Satelog UY 1 500 97.5 UNK UNK 2016 - 31 0 31 90
Canon J 1 500 97.5 UNK UNK 2017 - 2 0 2 100
Hongyun CN 1 1075 99.9 UNK UNK 2017 - 1 0 1 80
Xingshidai CN 1 550 97.5 UNK UNK 2018 - 0 0 0 200
Axel J 1 600 97.7 UNK UNK 2018 - 6 0 6 50
Hongyan CN 1 1100 50.0 UNK UNK 2018 - 1 0 1 320
Kepler CA 1 530 97.5 UNK UNK 2018 - 19 0 19 140
Aistech E 1 500 97.3 UNK UNK 2018 - 2 0 2 100
Astrocast CH 1 520 97.5 8 8 2018 - 12 0 12 80
Fleet AU 1 530 97.5 UNK UNK 2018 - 7 0 7 140
Hera Sys US 1 570 37.0 UNK UNK 2019 - 1 0 1 50
Lingque CN 1 500 97.5 UNK UNK 2019 - 0 0 0 130
Lacuna UK 1 550 97.6 UNK UNK 2019 - 2 0 2 240
AST Sci US 1 700 98.0 16 15 2019 - 0 0 0 243
KLEO D 1 1050 88.9 UNK UNK 2019 - 4 0 4 300
Stara US 1 400 97.0 UNK UNK 2019 - 0 0 0 120
Ningxia CN 1 865 45.0 UNK UNK 2019 - 10 0 10 50
Sateliot UK 1 550 97.5 UNK UNK 2021 - 1 0 1 100
CWX US 1 530 97.5 UNK UNK 2021 - 2 0 2 50
Omni US 1 500 97.5 UNK UNK 2022 - 0 0 0 200
SferaCon RU 1 870 98.0 UNK UNK 2023 - 0 0 0 640
Gemini NG 1 500 97.5 UNK UNK 2023 - 0 0 0 200

42 : Total planned constellations
4771 : Total planned satellites
33 : Total constellations with at least one launched sat
2291 : Total launched sats in all constellations
928 : Total launched sats in constellation operational shells
Data last updated: 2022 Sep 28 03:32:24