The master list of satellite orbital launches and launch attempts.
At the time of writing, this is the most complete list available
with accurate launch times: I've managed to track down a lot of
launch times (to the minute) that were previously unavailable.
There may be some errors in this list, if you spot any please let
The international designation. For failed launches, the
designation is one I have assigned. Pad explosions during
prelaunch preps have not been included.
Launch date and time are given in Coordinated Universal Time.
A ? indicates an approximate launch time good to about 15 min.
International designation of the payload piece.
Name of the payload as given by the launching agency after launch.
Orig PL Name
Manufacturer's payload name prior to launch.
For USSR payloads, assignment of payload types to Kosmos satellites
is in many cases slightly speculative - e.g. which particular
class of Zenit spy satellite for a specific Kosmos satellite may
is often a guess.
Launch vehicle type.
Some of the USSR vehicles are still uncertain, particularly the
assignment of Voskhod 11A57 versus Soyuz-U 11A511U in the mid 1970s.
Launch vehicle serial number if known
Launch site, see sites.txt
Orbit: is in perigee (km) x apogee (km) x inclination (deg to equator).
Reference for launch time, see refs.txt