The Deep Space Catalog - Orbit Data References

Jonathan C. McDowell

Nov 2019: Rev 1.0.7

References for Orbital Data

(see Tables I to III)
Abduevskiy, V.S. et al, 1976, Avtomaticheskie stantsii Venera-9 i Venera-10 - Funktsionirovanie spuskaemikh
apparatov i ismerenie parametrov atmosferi, Kos. Issled. 14, 655.

Abramovich, S.K. et al, 1979, Ballistika i navigatsiya avtomaticheskikh mezhplanetnikh stantsii 'Venera-11' i 'Venera-12',
Kosmicheskie Isselodvanie, 27, p 670.

Adams, K.A., 1975, Titan/Centaur D-1T TC-2, Helios A Flight Data Report, NASA LeRC, TM-X-71838.

Adams, K.A. 1976, Titan Centaur D-1T TC-5 Helios B Flight Data Report, NASA TM-X-73435.

Agapov V., 2003, email to the author about Mars Express trajectory.

Ageev, T, et al 1983, Ballistika i navigatsia avtomaticheskikh mezhplanetnikh stantsii Venera-13 i Venera-14,
Kos. Issled. 21, 154.

Akim, E.L. and Vlasova, E.P., 1983, Issledovania gravitatsionnovo polya Luni
po dannim ismerenii traektorii sovetskikh iskussvennikh sputnikov Luni,
Kosmicheskie Issledovanie, v.21, p 499.

Alexander, G., 1966, AC-9 Demonstrates Centaur Versatility, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Nov 7, 1966, p 33.

Antreasian P.G. et al., 2005, 2001 Mars Odyssey Orbit Determination During Interplanetary Cruise, J.Sc.R. 42, 394.

APL, 2006: Best and Final Trajectory Information for New Horizons' Launch Vehicle Upper Stage,
 NH Status Report 2006 Jan 24.

APL, 2016: Messenger orbital elements, http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/About/mission-design/details-propulsion-activity/MOE.html

Arianespace, 2013: Soyuz Flight VS06 launch press kit.
www.arianespace.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/VS06-launchkit-GB2.pdf

AWST 1966, Luna 10 measurements include gravitational field of Moon, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Apr 11, 1966, p.33

AWST 1966b, Soviets Seen Studying Photos From Luna-11, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Sep 5, 1966, p. 32.

AWST 1968, Soviet Scientists Hail Precision of Zond 5, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Oct 7, 1966, p 32.

Baker, D., 1975. The Russian Venus Probes. Spaceflight 17, 446.

Bell, S.C, Ginsburg M.A., Rao, P.P., 1993, Monte Carlo Analysis
of the Titan III/Transfer Orbit Stage Guidance System for the Mars
Observer Mission, AIAA Paper 93-3889; AIAA Guidance, Navigatin
and Control Conference, 1993.

Bernardini, F., 2003, email to the author about Mars Express trajectory.

Boeing, 1967: Lunar Orbiter I, Photographic Mission Summary, NASA CR-782.

Boeing, 1967b: Lunar Orbiter II, Photographic Mission Summary, NASA CR-883.

Boeing, 1967c: Lunar Orbiter II, Volume III, Mission System Performance, Boeing D2-100752-3, Vol III.

Boeing, 1967d: Lunar Orbiter II, Volume VI, Appendices, Boeing D2-100752-6, Vol VI.

Boeing, 1968a: Lunar Orbiter III, Photographic Mission Summary, NASA CR-1069.

Boeing, 1968b: Lunar Orbiter III, Mission System Performance, Boeing D2-100753-3, NASA CR-66461.

Boeing, 1968c, Lunar Orbiter IV, Photographic Mission Summary, NASA CR-1054.

Boeing, 1968d, Lunar Orbiter IV,  Mission System Performance, Boeing D2-100754-3, NASA CR-66499.

Boeing, 1968e, Lunar Orbiter V, Photographic Mission Summary, NASA CR-1095.



Boeing, 1998: Mars Climate Orbiter Delta II 7425 Mission Book.

Bogomolov, A.F, et al 1985 Obrabotka dannikj polosovy s'emki poverkhnosti Veneri, peredannikj
stantsiyami Venera-15 i Venera-16, Kosmicheskiye issledovanie 23, 179.

Bryant W.C and Williamson R.G., 1974, Lunar Gravity Analysis Results from Explorer 49, AIAA Paper 74-810.

Bussey, D.B. et al 2011, CH1-ORB-L-MRFFR-1-PDR-V1.0 Chandrayaan-1 SPK files from
http://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/lunar/ch1-orb-l-mrffr-1-pdr-v1/ch1mrf_0xxx/

Chertok, B, 2009a. Rockets and People, Vol II (ed. A. Siddiqi), p 406 ff.

Chertok, B, 2009b. Rockets and People, Vol II (ed. A. Siddiqi), p 697 ff.

Chodas, P., 2002, Newly Discovered Object Could Be A Leftover Apollo Rocket Stage, NASA NEO Program Office, web article. https://cneos.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news134.html

Clark, P.S, 1976a, Orbits of Soviet Deep Space Probes, I.,Spaceflight 18, 139.

Clark, P.S, 1976b, Orbits of Soviet Deep Space Probes, II.,Spaceflight 18, 188.

Clark, P.S., 1985. The Soviet Venera Programme. JBIS, 38, 74.

Clark, P.S., 1985b. The Soviet Year In Space 1983, JBIS, 38, 31.

Clark, P.S., 1986. The Soviet Mars Programme. JBIS, 39, 3.

Clark, P.S., 1988, The Soviet Manned Space Programme (Salamander Books).

Cloud J.D., Van Horne T.B. and Leuschner, R.H, 1967, Surveyor II Flight Performance Final Report, Hughes SSD 68189-2R.

Collins, D., 2003, email to the author.

Corliss, W., 1972, The Interplanetary Pioneers, Vol III: Operations. NASA-SP-280.

Crabill, N.L. and Mayo, W.L. , 1969, Lunar Orbiter Mission Design, J. Spacecraft Rockets, 6, 18.

D'Amario, Louis, 2004, Mars Exploration Rovers Navigation Results.
AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conf., Providence, RI. (AAS).

Delta Operations Branch, 1972, Delta 90 Interplanetary Monitoring Platform H (IMP-H), Flash Flight Report.

Dolginov Sh Sh, et al, 1975, Magnitnoe pole planeti Mars po dannim sputnikov Mars-3 i Mars-5, Kosm. Issled. 13, p 108.

Dolginov Sh Sh, et al, 1978, Magnitnoe pole i magnitosfera planeti Venera, Kosm. Issled 16, 827.

Dolgopolov, V.P.. et al 1987, Avtomaticheskie Stantsii Vega-1 i Vega-2 gunktsionirovanie proletnikh apparatov
pri vstreche s kometoi Galley,  Kos.Isseld. 25, 655.


DSLWP Team, 2019; Update Tracking Files. https://github.com/bg2bhc/dslwp_dev

Dunham. D., et al 2015, The 2014 Earth return of the ISEE-3/ICE Spacecraft, Acta Astronautica 110, 2 9.

Efron, L, Muellerschoen, R, Permkumar, R, 1986,  Navigating the International Cometary Explorer for Encounter with Comet Giacobini-Zinner, ISTS 15, 1751.

Emme, E., 1963. Astronautical and Aeronautical Events of 1962. Report to the 88th Congress.

Emme, E., 1965. Astronautics and Aeronautics, 1964. NASA SP-4005.

ESAC 2017, SPICE kernel repository for Mars Express, ftp://ssols01.esac.esa.int

Esposito, P., et al, 1997: Navigation and the Mars Global Surveyor Mission,
in Space Flight Dynamics, 12th Intl. Symp., ESA SP-403, p 371.

Estevez, D, 2019.  DSLWP-B deorbit and mission end, https://destevez.net/2019/05/dslwp-b-deorbit-and-mission-end/
and DSLWP-B long-term orbit evolution, https://destevez.net/2018/08/dslwp-b-long-term-orbit-evolution/

Farquhar. R et al 1988, Trajectories for the Sakigake Extended Mission Phase, ISTS 16, 663.

Farquhar. R, Muhonen, D., and Church, L.C., 1985, Trajectories and Orbital Maneuvers for the ISEE-3/ICE Comet Mission, J. Astronautial Sci, 33, 235.

Farquhar. R, 2001, The Flight of ISEE-3/ICE: Origins, Mission History, and a Legacy, The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences, 48, 1, 23.

Frauenholz R, et al, 2008, Deep Impact Navigation System Performance, J Sc. Rockets 45, 39.

Fulmer, C.R., Lindberg J.P., and Kurtz, H.F., 1959,
Aeroballstics Evaluation of Jupiter Test Flight AM-14, Report No. DA-TM-89-59, ABMA,
Redstone Arsenal, Alabama.

Gaetano, F.W., 1967, Explorer 35 Post Launch Mission Operation Report No. 1, NASA S-861-67-06.

Gao, Y, 2012, First-round design Chang'e-2 extended mission, Acta Mechanica Sinica 28, 1466.

Gatland, K., 1977, Luna 24, Spaceflight 19, 16

General Dynamics 1966, Postflight Trajectory Reassembly, AC-6, GD document GDC-BTD66-012.

Gerchik, K, 1998. Nezaviyvaemiy Baikonur. (Moscow: Interregional Council of Veterans of the Baykonur Cosmodrome, 1998), p 157.

Giorgini, J., 2009, NASA/JPL HORIZONS, https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/horizons.cgi; pre 2009 orbital data for Hayabusa (no longer available)

Giorgini, J., 2017, NASA/JPL HORIZONS, https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/horizons.cgi

Giorgini, J., 2019, NASA/JPL HORIZONS, https://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/horizons.cgi

Goodson, T.D., Gray, D.L., Hahn Y, and Peralta F., 1998. AIAA Guidance and Control Conferece,
paper AIAA 98-4224.

Grahn, S. and Hendrickx, B., 1996 (?), The continuing enigma of Kosmos 146 and Kosmos 154,
http://www.svengrahn.pp.se/histind/Cosmos146/Cosmos146.htm

Glushko, V., ed., 1985, Kosmonavtikia Entsiklopediya   (Moskva, 1985).

Gordon, H.J, et al 1970, The Mariner VI and VII Flight Paths and their Determination from Tracking Data, JPL Tech Mem. 33-469.

Gray, W., 2009. https://www.projectpluto.com/pluto/mpecs/sylda.htm, hp04.htm, hp05.htm

Gray, W., 2016a. https://www.projectpluto.com/pluto/mpecs/che3.htm and che3_old.htm

Gray, W., 2016b  https://www.projectpluto.com/pluto/mpecs/dscovr2.htm

Gray, W, 2016c. https://www.projectpluto.com/pluto/mpecs/exo1.htm

Gray, W., 2017. https://www.projectpluto.com/pluto/mpecs/che.htm and links therein

Gray, W, 2019. https://www.projectpluto.com

Guinness, E.A., Smith M, Jacobsen W, 2009, Lunar Prospector CD, LP ephemeris files, http://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/lunar/prospectorcd/

Heppner, J. et al 1963, Explorer 10 Magnetic Field Measurements, JGR 68. 1.

Horn, H.J., 1972, Particles and Fields Subsatellite Program Final Report. TRW Document 8220.57-1-68, NASA CR-115677

Insprucker, J, 2015. Personal email - second stage trajectory data.

Insprucker, J, 2018. Personal email - TESS second stage trajectory data.

Ksanfomality, L.V., 2018, Luna-5 (1965): Some Results of a Failed Mission to the Moon, Kosm. Issled. 56, 4.

JAXA 2007, JAXA-SP-07-023, M-V program report papers, M-V-5 to M-V-8.

JAXA 2012, http:l2db.selene.darts.isas.jaxa.jp, (c) JAXA/SELENE.  Selene trajectory datasets.

Jefferson, D.C, Demcak S.W., Esposito P.B., and Kruizinga G.L., An Investigation of the Orbital Status of Viking-1, AIAA Guidance, Nav. and Control Conference 2009, AIAA paper 2009-6002.

Jesick, M. et al 2016, Maven Navigation Overview; AAS paper 16-237.

JPL 1964, Ranger VII, Part I, Mission Description and Performance, JPL Tech. Rept. No. 32-700.

JPL 1965, Mariner Mars 1964 Project Report: Mission and Spacecraft Development. Volume I. From Project
Inception Through Midcourse Manuever.

JPL 1966, Ranger VI Mission Description and Performance, JPL Tech Report No. 32-699.

JPL 1966b, Surveyor I Mission Report, JPL Tech Rept 32-1023.

JPL 1967, Surveyor III Mission Report, JPL Tech Rept 32-1177.

JPL 1967b, Surveyor II Mission Report, JPL Tech Rept. 32-1086.

JPL 1968a, Mariner Venus 67 Final Project Report, JPL Tech Rpt. 32-1203.

JPL 1968b, Surveyor IV Mission Report, JPL Tech Rept 32-1210

JPL 1968c, Surveyor V Mission Report, JPL Tech Rept 32-1246

JPL 1968d, Surveyor VI Mission Report, JPL Tech Rept 32-1262

JPL 1969a, Surveyor VII Mission Report, JPL Tech Rept. 32-1264.

JPL 1970a, Mariner Mars 1969 Final Project Report, JPL Tech Rept. 32-1460.

JPL 1973, Mariner Mars 1971 Project Final Report, JPL Tech Rept 32-1550, Vols II and IV.

JPL 1976, Mariner Venus-Mercury 1973 Project Final Report, JPL Tech Rept 33-734.

JPL 1990, Interplanetary Orbital Elements for Galileo, Dec 1990, http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/files/misc/gllele.txt

JPL 1993, Mars Observer Mission Status, August 22, 1993.
https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/text/marsob.txt

JPL 1996, Jupiter Orbital Elements for Galileo, May 1996, http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/files/misc/gllele2.txt

JPL 1997a, https://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/status/nav/nav_details.html and
https://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/status/nav/nav.html,
https://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/status/nav/navhist.html  (Accessed 2017).

JPL 1997b, https://mars.nasa.gov/MPF/mpf/mpftechtraj.html

JPL 2004, Cassini Saturn Orbit Insertion Timeline, https://saturn-archive.jpl.nasa.gov/operations/pdfs/soiTimeline.pdf

Kawamura, Ted, 1997, Boeing Delta program - personal communication (fax).

Knocke, P. 1997, Mars Surveyor 98 Project, Mission Plan and Databook, JPL.

Kochendorfer, F.D., 1975, Helios A Post Launch Report 1, MOR S-823-74-01.

Kolcum, E.H., 1963, Lunik 4 Believed to Have Failed In Mission, Aviation Week and Space
Technology, Apr 15, 1963, p 38.

Krausse, S.C., 1969, Apollo/Saturn V Postflight Trajectory - AS-506, Boeing doc. D5-15560-6

Krausse, S.C., 1970, Apollo/Saturn V Postflight Trajectory - AS-508, Boeing doc. D5-15560-8

Ksanfomaliti L, Moroz B, and Dol'fius A., 1975, Kos. Issled. 13, 92.

KSC, 1976. Technical Summary of Unmanned Launch Operations, KSC TR-1022, Rev. 3, Expendable Vehicles Directorate, KSC.

Kumar, Y.A. and MIP Project Team, 2009, Current Science 96,4.

Lacovic, R.F., 1975, Centaur Zero Gravity Coast And Engine Restart Demonstraction on the Titan Centaur TC-2 Extended Mission, NASA LeRC, TM-X-71821.

LaFebre, R, 2014. Orbit Parameter Message for AV-044, personal email from Ryan LaFebre at USAF Space and Missile Center.

Lathrop, B, 2006, cited in Stern, A., New Horizons PI's Perspective, http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/News-Center/PI-Perspectives.php?page=piPerspective_5_1_2006_1

Lauretta, D., 2018, personal communication on Twitter.

Lilacsat 2018, Estimated TLE for DSLWP-A, http://lilacsat.hit.edu.cn/tle/dslwp.txt

LERC 1968a, Atlas-Centaur AC-12 Flight Performance For Surveyor III, NASA TM X-1678.

LERC 1968b, Atlas Centaur AC-11 Flight Performance For Surveyor IV, NASA TM X-1768.

LERC 1968c, Atlas Centaur Flight Performance for Surveyor Mission A, NASA TN D-4580.

LERC 1968d, Atlas Centaur Flight Performance for Surveyor Mission B, NASA TM X-1616

LERC 1970, Flight Performance for Atlas Centaur AC-13, AC-14, AC-15, In Support of the Surveyor Lunar Landing Program, NASA TM X-1844.

LERC 1976a, Titan/Centaur D-1T TC-4 Viking A Flight Data Report, NASA TM X-73475.

LERC 1976b, Titan/Centaur D-1T TC-3 Viking B Flight Data Report, NASA TM X-73481.


Lipskiy, Yu., 1965, Major Victory For Soviet Science, Pravda, 17 Aug 1965.

Loucks, M., 2019, personal communication.

Madden, J.J., 1966. Interim Flight Report Anchored Interplanetary Monitoring Platform AIMP I - Explorer XXIII, GSFC X-724-66-588, NASA TM-55663.

Madden, J.J., 1967. Second Interim Flight Report AIMP I - Explorer XXIII, GSFC X-724-67-223, NASA TM-55838.

Marov, M. et al 1976, Measurements with the Mars 6 Lander and a model of the Martian atmosphere, Space Research XVI, 1019.

Marov, M and Moroz, B, 1976, Predvaritelniy resultatiti issledovanii provedennikh na avtomaticheskikh stantsiyakh
Venera-9 i Venera-10, Kos.Issled. 14, 651.

Martin Marietta 1976, Entery Data Analysis For Viking Landers 1 and 2, Martin Marietta TN-3770218, NASA CR-159388.

Matsuo, H et al 1986, Trajectory Design of Halley's Comet Explorers Sakigake and Suisei, ISTS 15, 1763.

Matousek, T, 1991, Heliocentric orbital elements provided by JPL. Accessed 1993; original no
 longer online but see also Gray 2001, https://www.projectpluto.com/probes.htm

McAdams, J, 2000, NEAR Mission Design data files,http://near.jhuapl.edu/NewMissionDesign/

McDowell, J, 2015, https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/integral/how-integral-was-lost

McFadden, W.D., and Salzberg, I.M, 1970. AS-508 S-IVB Postflight Lunar Impact Trajectory Analysis, NASA TM-X 64563.

Mead, G.D., 1974, Magnetic Coordinates for the Pioneer 10 Jupiter Encounter, JGR 79, 3514.

MET 1969a, Apollo 8 Mission Report, MSC-PA-R-69-1 (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

MET 1969b, Apollo 10 Mission Report, MSC-00126. (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

MET 1969c, Apollo 11 Mission Report, MSC-00171  (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

MET 1970a, Apollo 12 Mission Report, MSC-01855 (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

MET 1970b, Apollo 13 Mission Report, MSC-02680  (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

MET 1971a, Apollo 14 Mission Report, MSC-04112  (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

MET 1971b, Apollo 15 Mission Report, MSC-05161  (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

MET 1972, Apollo 16 Mission Report, MSC-07230  (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

MET 1973, Apollo 17 Mission Report, MSC-07904  (Mission Evaluation Team, NASA-MSC).

Middour, J.W., et al, 1995, Clementine Trajectory Analysis, CNES Spaceflight Dynamics Conference,
CNES MS95/038.

Miller, L.W., et al 1966, Atlas-Centaur VI Flight Path and Its Determination from Tracking Data, JPL Tech Rept. 32-911.

Mitchell. R., 1998. Personal email correspondence on Cassini orbital elements, 1998 Dec 7.

Molczan, T., 2010, personal email correspondence. Estimate of probable Centaur impulse.
Orbit is very uncertain.

Moroz, B., 1985, Predbvaritel'nie resultati issledovanie provedennikj na sovetskikh avtomaticheskikh stantsiakh
Mars-4, Mars-5, Mars-6 and Mars-7.

Moroz, B., 1987. Nauchnie resultati missii Vega, Kos. Issled. 25, 643.

Moser, H., et al, 2014. http://moon.luxspace.lu/blog

Mueller, G.E., 1960, Pioneer V and Explorer VI, Systems Engineered Space Probes, XI International
Astronautical Congress, p. 256.

Murakami, S., Y. Yamamoto, K. McGouldrick, G. L. Hashimoto, N. Hirata,
VENUS CLIMATE ORBITER SPICE KERNELS V1.0, VCO-V-SPICE-6-V1.0, NASA
Planetary Data System, 2017.


NAIF 2000, Mars 1998 SPICE kernels, JPL Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility.
https://naif.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/naif/MCO/kernels/ and
https://naif.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/naif/MPL/kernels/

NAIF 2004, Mariner 10 flyby 1 kernel, JPL Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility.
https://naif.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/naif/M10/kernels/spk/

NAIF 2007, Clementine SPICE kernels, JPL Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility.
https://naif.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/naif/CLEMENTINE/kernels/.

NAIF 2009, Genesis SPICE kernel, JPL Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility.
https://naif.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/naif/GNS/kernels/.

NAIF 2016, Helios SPICE kernels, JPL Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility,
https://naif.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/naif/HELIOS/kernels/spk/

NAIF 2017,  MRO SPICE kernels, JPL Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility.
https://naif.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/naif/pds/data/mro-m-spice-6-v1.0/

NASA 1960, Release No. 60-145, Pioneer V Progress Report, March 18, 1960.

NASA 1965, Mariner Venus 1962 Final Project Report, NASA SP-65.

NASA 1965b, AC-6 Post-Launch Report I, NASA S-891-65-05.

NASA 1971, IMP 6 Post-Launch Mission Operations Report.

NASA 1975a, Viking-1 Post Launch Report No. 1, Mission Op Rept. S-815-75-01.

NASA 1975b, Viking Mission Post Launch Report No. 2, Mission Op Rept. S-815-75-01/02.

NASA, 1977, Titan Centaur D1T TC-6 and TC-7, Launch Operations and Flight Events.

Ness, N.F., Behannon, K.W., Scearce, C.S and Cantarano, S.C., 1967, Early Results from the Magnetic Field
Experiment on Lunar Explorer 35, JGR 72, 5769.

Nishimura, T. et al 1986, Tracking and Orbit Determination of Sakigake and Suisei Encountering Halley's Comet, ISTS 15, 1775.

NSA, 1972. Injection vectors for Luna 20 return, document declassified in Mar 2009.

NSSDC 1993, FTP site, selected orbital data for heliocentric missions accessed 1993,
National Space Science Data Center, NASA-GSFC.

Nutt, G.W, Gordon, H.J., and Tito, D.A., 1967. The Mariner IV Flight Path and Its Determination
From Tracking Data, JPL Tech.Rpt 32-1108.

Ocampo, C., 2005, Trajectory Analysis for the Lunar Flyby Rescue of AsiaSat-3/HGS-1. Ann NY Acad Sci 1065, 232.

O'Neil, W.J. et al 1979, Viking Navigation, JPL Pub. 78-38.

Pavlenko, O., 2004, K 35-letiyu poleta korablya "Zond-5", Novosti Kosmonavtiki, 14, 1, 66.

Petrov, G.I, (pseudonym for Glushko V.P.) 1973. Conquest of Outer Space in the USSR.. from 1967 to 1970. (Translation of Osvoenie Kosm. Prost. v SSSR,
Nauka 1971; compilation of Pravda and TASS releases.)

Pinson, G.T., 1971. Apollo/Saturn V Postflight Trajectory - AS-509. Boeing document D5-15560-9.

Pioneer Project, 1967, Pioneer VI Mission. (NASA Ames brochure).

Pioneer Project, 1978, Pioneer Venus Archival Orbital Data; extracts found in NASA-Ames History Archive by Jonathan McDowell in Apr 2013.
The kind assistance of archivist April Gage is acknowledged.


Potts, C.L., Raolfi B. and Kangas J.A., 2004. Mars Exploration Rover Propulsive Design;
AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conf., Providence, RI. (AAS).

Pravda 1966, Great Achievement of Mankind. Pravda, 6 Feb 1966.

Racca G. and Foing B., 2003-2006, SMART-1 status reports, sci.esa.int website.

Ray, J, 2005, Spaceflightnow.com, posted 2005 Aug 27 (cites 50000 mile pre TCM-1 miss).

Rayman, Marc, 2000. DS1 heliocentric states provided in personal email communication.

Richter, H., 1966, Instruments and Spacecraft Oct 1957-Mar 1965, NASA SP-3028.

Roads, Ronnie, 1997, Lockheed Martin Atlas program - personal communication.

Sagdeev, R.Z et al 1986, Bstrecha kosmicheskikh apparatov Vega-1 i Vega-2 s kometoi Galley, Pisma v AZh, 12, 581.

Sagdeev, R.Z. and Zakharov, A.V., 1990, A brief history of the expedition to Phobos, Sov. Ast. Letters 16, 125.
(Pisma v Astr. Zhurnal, 16, 293).

Saturn V FEWG, 1969a, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-503 Apollo 8 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-69-1
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).

Saturn V FEWG, 1969b, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-504 Apollo 9 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-69-4
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).

Saturn V FEWG, 1969c, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-505 Apollo 10 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-69-7
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).


Saturn V FEWG, 1969d, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-506 Apollo 11 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-69-9
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).

Saturn V FEWG, 1970a, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-507 Apollo 12 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-70-1
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).

Saturn V FEWG, 1970b, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-508 Apollo 13 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-70-2
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).

Saturn V FEWG, 1971a, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-509 Apollo 14 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-71-1
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).

Saturn V FEWG, 1971b, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-510 Apollo 15 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-71-2
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).

Saturn V FEWG, 1972a, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-511 Apollo 16 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-72-1
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).


Saturn V FEWG, 1973, Saturn V Launch Vehicle Flight Evaluation Report - AS-512 Apollo 17 Mission, MPR-SAT-FE-73-1
(NASA MSFC, Saturn V Flight Evaluation Working Group).

Schurmeier, H.M., 1966, Ranger VIII and IX Mission Description and Performance, JPL Tech. Rpt. 32-800.

Sedov, L.I., 1961, Orbits of Cosmic Rockets, in Artificial Earth Satellites, Vol 5. p. 469

Semenov, B, 2014, PVO SPICE kernels, JPL Navigation and Ancillary Information Facility.
https://naif.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/naif/PIONEER12/kernels/spk/

Semenov, Yu., 1996, RKK Energia Imeni S.P. Koroleva, p. 241

Sjogren, W.L. et al, 1963, The Ranger 5 Flight Path and Its Determination  From Tracking Data,
 JPL Tech Rpt. 32-562.

Sjogren, W.L., et al 1964, The Ranger VI Flight Path and Its Determination From Tracking Data,
 JPL Tech Rpt. 32-605.

Sjogren, W.L., 1965. The Ranger III Flight Path and its Determination From Tracking Data,
 JPL Tech. Rpt. 32-563.

SOHO 2017, SOHO Project, GSFC Mail Code 671.1,
https://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/data/ancillary/orbit/predictive/,
CDF format orbit ephemeris files.
(Accessed 2017).

Space Daily 1968, Soviets Silent on Zond IV Results, Space Daily, Mar 15 1968, p 85.

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