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The Space Report ("JSR") is issued about twice a month. It describes all space launches, including both piloted missions and automated satellites. Back issues are available online. To receive the JSR each week by direct email, subscribe at http://www.planet4589.org/mailman/listinfo/jsr Feel free to reproduce the JSR as long as you're not doing it for profit. If you are doing so regularly, please inform Jonathan by email. Comments, suggestions, and corrections are encouraged. See here for translations to other languages.

You can mail Jonathan McDowell at planet4589 at gmail dot com.


See also:

JSR STOP PRESS - the draft of NEXT week's JSR, updated throughout the week.

GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE LOG with a catalog of all known satellites ever in the geosynchronous ring and their reasonably current positions.

LAUNCH LOG - My best attempt at a complete listing of all satellite launch attempts.

Jonathan's Space Home Page - with links to lots of other space data not available elsewhere.

SATELLITE CATALOG - My version of the Space Command satellite catalog, providing a cross reference between catalog number and international designation. Corrections are welcome.


Jonathan's Space Report 
No. 758                                                  2018 Dec 9        Somerville, MA
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
International Space Station
---------------------------

Expedition 57 continues aboard the ISS.

Ferry ship Soyuz MS-11 was launched at 1131 UTC Dec 3 and docked with the Poisk
module at 1733 UTC the same day. The MS-11 crew of Kononenko
(Roskosmos), Saint-Jacques (CSA) and McClain (NASA) joined astronauts
Gerst (ESA),  Prokop'ev (Roskosmos), and Aunon-Chancellor (NASA) on the ISS.

Cargo ship Dragon CRS-16 was launched on Dec 5 from Cape Canaveral's Launch Complex
40. The Falcon 9 first stage developed a hydraulic problem during descent
and began rolling just before the landing burn. It recovered control
just before touchdown and landed gently on the water a short distance
off the Cape Canaveral beach. The stage was towed back to port.
Meanwhile, the second stage reached orbit successfully and deployed
the Dragon. Stage 2 was deorbited south of Australia at about 1915 UTC.

CRS-16 carries two trunk payloads. GEDI is an instrument to measure
forest biomass and will be installed on the Kibo Exposed Facility at EFU
6. RRM-3 (Robotic Refuelling Mission) is a package to test three robotic
tools and the long term storage and transfer of cryogenic methane. It
will be installed on the Express Logistics Carrier ELC-1 Site 3.

CRS-16's pressurized cabin contains 1598 kg of cargo including the
NRCSD-16 cubesat package and several cubesats. Cubesats thought to be
aboard include UNITE (U of Southern Indiana), Delphini 1 (Aarhus
University), CATSat (APL/DoD), and the 1x6U TechEdSat-8  (San Jose State
and NASA-Ames).  TechEdSat-8 (TES-8) is an exciting mission which will
deploy a drag brake, perform a controlled  gradual reentry and - if all
goes well - be recovered. Also in the cabin is Slingshot, a small
satellite deployer that will be installed in the hatch of the NG-10
Cygnus cargo ship, and the EHDC external HD camera assembly which will
be installed on ISS during a spacewalk.

CRS-16 arrived at the ISS on Dec 8; it was grappled by the Canadarm-2
at 1221 UTC and berthed at Harmony nadir at 1536 UTC.

It's a pretty full house in the ISS parking lot now with two ferry ships
(Soyuz MS-09 at Rassvet, Soyuz MS-11 at Poisk) and four cargo ships:
Progress MS-09 at Pirs, Progress MS-10 at Zvezda aft, Cygnus NG-10 at
Unity nadir, and Dragon CRS-16 (or SpX-16) at Harmony nadir.

Insight
-------

Insight landed on Elysium Planitia, Mars, at about 4.5N 135.9E, at 1944:52 UTC Nov 26.
The MarCO cubesats relayed real-time data from the descent to Earth.
Shortly before entry the approaching probes passed close to the Martian moon Phobos.
   
  UTC
  Nov 22 1636    MarCO-A enter Mars space from 1.01 x 1.43 AU x 2.2 deg solar orbit
  Nov 22 1637    MarCO-B enter Mars space from 1.01 x 1.43 AU x 2.2 deg solar orbit
  Nov 22 1639    Insight enter Mars space from 1.01 x 1.44 AU x 2.3 deg solar orbit
  Nov 26 1910    Insight closest approach to Phobos, 2250 km
         1913    MarCO-A closest approach to Phobos, 4309 km
         1914    MarCO-B closest approach to Phobos, 1935 km
         1931    Insight Cruise Stage separates, 1100 km alt
         1938    Insight entry, 128 km
         1939?   Cruise stage burns up
         1942    Insight parachute deploy, 12 km 
         1942    Heat shield separation, 9 km
         1943?   Heat shield impact surface
         1944    Backshell separation, 1 km
         1944    Thrusters on
         1944    Backshell/parachute impact surface
         1944:52 Insight Landing
         1945    MarCO-A periares, 1625 km
         1947    MarCO-B periares, 1749 km
  Nov 30 2251    MarCO-A depart Mars space, to 1.137 x 1.601 AU x 1.4 deg solar orbit
  Nov 30 2255    MarCO-B depart Mars space, to 1.146 x 1.564 AU x 1.8 deg solar orbit

Hayabusa-2
----------

Contrary to my report in the last issue, Hayabusa-2 left its 20 km
home position on Nov 23 and is backing off to 100 km from Ryugu, to make
sure it doesn't collide with the asteroid during `conjunction' when
communications with Earth are impaired because the Sun is in the way.
On Nov 30 at a range of 75 km the probe made a burn of 3.8 mm/s to slightly
accelerate the retreat. On Dec 11 it will reach an aporyugon (yes, I just
made that word up) of 110 km. Another orbit manuever will be made on Dec 25
as Ryugu emerges from behind the Sun as seen from Earth.

OSIRIS-REx
-----------

The OSIRIS-REx space probe has arrived at (101955) Bennu. It entered the asteroid's 35-km
Hill sphere at around 0h UTC on Dec 1 and made a stationkeeping burn at range 20 km
at 1700 UTC Dec 3.


PSLV
----

On Nov 29 India's ISRO launched PSLV flight C43 and placed a cluster of small
satellites in orbit. The main payload was ISRO's HySIS hyperspectral imaging
satellite, a 380 kg IMS-2 class craft. BlackSky's 55 kg Global-1 imaging sat was the other
non-cubesat payload. 
Also deployed were a series of cubesats:
   Technology satellites - FACSAT (built by GOMSPACE for the Colombia Air Force Academy EMAVI)
                         - InnoSAT-2 (ATSB, Malaysia)
                         - HSAT-1 (Harris Corp, Palm Bay, Florida)
                         - 3Cat-1 (1U) (U. Poly. Catalunya, Barcelona)
   Imaging satellies - Flock 3r, a set of 12 model 10 and 4 model 21 Dove satellites for Planet
   Hyperspectral imagers - Reaktor Hello World (2U), for Reaktor Space Lab Ltd (Helsinki)
   AIS/ADS-B/GPS-RO weather - four Lemur-2 for Spire
   GPS-RO weather - CICERO-8 (6U), built by Tyvak for GeoOptics (Pasadena)
   IoT data relay satellites - Centauri 2 for Fleet Space (Adelaide)
                             - Hiber 1 (6U) for Hiber (Delft, Netherlands)
                             - CASE for Kepler Communications (Toronto)



Rokot
-----

On Nov 30 Russia launched a Rokot vehicle into a 1485 x 1508 km orbit.
Three Rodnik military low orbit comm satellites,
given codenames Kosmos-2530 to 2532, were deployed at about 0410 UTC.
The Briz-KM upper stage lowered its orbit at 0424 UTC to 1176 x 1506 km.
A fifth object cataloged in this lower orbit is probably just a debris
object. It could be a small extra payload, but has not maneuvered to date.

SSO-A
-----

A SpaceX Falcon 9 was launched from Vandenberg on Dec 3 with Spaceflight Inc's
SSO-A small satellite deployment mission.

After launch at 1834 UTC, the first stage landed on the droneship Just Read The 
Instructions at 1842 UTC and the second stage entered orbit at 1844 UTC.
At 1847 UTC the UFF (Upper Free Flyer) spacecraft separated from the MPC
(Multi Payload Container) attached to stage 2. At some point after this
the MPC deployed 4 medium-sized payloads and the UFF deployed
a large number of payloads. Then the LFF (Lower Free Flyer) separated
from the UFF (I think; or possibly from the MPC) and deployed a cluster of
cubesats. Deployments continued over several hours. Stage 2, with the MPC
still attached, was deorbited at about 1945 UTC. Finally, UFF deployed a drag
sail. Regrettably, Spaceflight Inc have not released details of the deployment
timings or explained which payloads were deployed from which vehicle.

Larger payloads on SSO-A include:
  Technology satellites:  STPSat-5 built by Sierra Nevada for the USAF Space Test Program (110 kg?)
                          eXCITe-PTB1 built by NovaWurks for DARPA (155 kg?)
                          Eu:CROPIS for Germany's DLR  (250 kg) with pressurized greenhouses to study
                             food production in space
                          FalconSat-6 for the US Air Force Academy (181 kg ) to test an ion thruster
                          ESEO, an ESA sat with student experiments (120 kg)
  Imaging satellites -  SkySat C12 and C13 built by Maxar for Planet (110 kg each?)
                     -  KazSTSat (110 kg) built by Surrey for Ghalam LLP (Astana)
                     -  Global-2 (55 kg) for BlackSky (Seattle)
                     -  SeeMee, a 25 kg DARPA/Raytheon satellite to be ejected from eXITe-PTB1
  Radar satellites - ICEYE-X2 (80 kg) for ICEYE (Helsinki) 
  Signals intelligence satellites - Hawk A,B,C built by UTIAS-SFL (Toronto) for HawkEye360 (Virginia)
                         for commercial transportation tracking (13 kg each)
  Astronomy satellites - NEXTSat-1 for KAIST (S Korea) with an IR imaging spectrometer

Cubesats aboard are:
  Astronomy:             MinXSS 2  (U Colorado Boulder)  for Solar x-ray data
                         CSIM-FD (U Colorado Boulder, 6U) for solar irradiance
  Art:                   Orbital Reflector (Nevada Museum of Art, Trevor Paglen)
                         ENOCH   (LA County Mus. of Art, Tavares Strachan)
  Burial:                Elysium Star 2 (1U; Elysium Space, San Francisco)
  Communications technology:  
                         Audacy Zero (Audacy/ClydeSpace)
                         BRIO (SpaceQuest/Myriota)
                         ICECAP (US Navy PEOSS/Space Micro)
                         BlackHawk (Viasat/Blue Canyon)
  Other technology satellites: ITASAT 1 (6U) (ITA, San Jose dos Campos, Brazil)
                         KazSciSat  (Ghalam LLP, Astana)
                         THEA  (Aurora Insight/DC, SpaceQuest)
                         PW-Sat2 (Warsaw U. of Tech) with drag sail
                         RANGE A and B (Georgia Tech) for formation flying
                         MOVE II (TU Munchen)
                         Suomi-100 (1U) (Aalto U.)
                         Irvine02 (1U, Irvine Public School Foundation, Irvine, California)
                         WeissSat 1 (1U, Weiss School, Palm Beach, Florida)
  Imaging satellites -   Flock-3s: one model 10 and two model 21 Doves for Planet
                         Landmapper-BC4 (6U) for Astro Digital (San Jose/Mountain View)
                         Eaglet-1 (OHB Rome); also has AIS
                         SNUSAT 2 (Seoul Natl. U.)  for disaster monitoring
  Specialized imaging sats -
                         SeaHawk 1 (U North Carolina) for ocean color sensing
                         VisionCube (Korea Aerospace U) for TLE lightning imaging
  Radar satellites -     Denali (12U) for Capella Space
  IoT data relay:        Hiber 2 (6U) for Hiber (Delft)
                         SIRION Pathfinder 2 (Helios Wire/Vancouver, BC and Sirion/Gold Coast, Queensland)
                         Astrocast 0.1 for Astrocast SA (Lausanne)
                         Centauri 1 for Fleet Space (Adelaide)
                         SpaceBee 5, 6, 7 (Swarm Tech, Pasadena)
  AIS/ADS-B maritime/aviation location:
                         RAAF M1 (Royal Australian AF, UNSW)
                         VESTA (Surrey/UKSA)
                         AISTECHSAT-2 (AISTech, Barcelona (6U)
  Amateur radio:         K2SAT (Korea AF Academy/KAIST)
                         KNACKSAT (King Mongkut Univ of Tech., Bangkok)
                         SNUGLITE (Seoul Natl. U.)
                         ExseedSat-1 (Exseed Space, Mumbai)
                         Fox-1Cliff (AMSAT-NA)
                         JY1-Sat (Jordan U of Sci and Tech, Al Ramtha)
                         The FUNCUBE-4 amateur radio payload is on the ESEO satellite.
  Search and Rescue:     Yukon, Kodiak (ORS 7A and B, 6U) (US Coast Guard/DHS/AFORS)
  Probably communications:  DoD Cubesat 1A, 1B      (Unknown US Gov agency)                       
                            DoD Cubesat 2A, 2B, 2C  (Unknown US Gov agency)                       
  

Ariane
------

Ariane flight VA246, possibly vehicle L5104, was laucnhed on Dec 4
carrying Korea's GEO-Kompsat-2A weather satellite and ISRO's GSAT-11
large communications satellite.

Saudisat
--------

Two 425 kg Saudi technology satellites, Saudisat-5A and 5B, were the
primary payloads on a CZ-2D launched from Jiuquan to sun-synch
orbit on Dec  7. 10 small satellites were also deployed. There
is some confusion about which satellites were involved, but
it appears three are from Spacety/Tianyi Research (Changsha),
one is from MinoSpace/Weina Xingkong Keji ( Beijing) and
several are 'Piao chong' ('Ladybird') cubesats for IoT data relay
from CommSat/Jiutian Weixing Keji Fazhan YG (Beijing).

Chang'e-4
----------

The long-awaited Chang'e-4 lunar farside landing mission was launched on
Dec 7 from Xichang into a 200 x 420000 km x 29.4 deg orbit.  The vehicle
is similar in design to Chang'e-3 and carries a 140 kg lunar rover
similar to that mission's Yutu. It is scheduled to enter lunar orbit on
Dec 11 at about 1500 UTC and land in the farside South Pole-Aitken
region on about Jan 4. The Queqiao satellite, in an Earth-Moon-L2 halo
orbit, will relay communications from the lander and rover to Earth.

The CZ-3B Y30 third stage, in a similar initial orbit of about 200 x
390000 km, will fly past the lunar surface at a height of 4840 km around
1138 UTC Dec 12 and end up in a 181000 x 735800 km x 23.6 deg orbit,
according to calculations by Bill Gray based on observations at
Haleakala.



Table of Recent Orbital Launches 
 ----------------------------------
Date UT       Name            Launch Vehicle        Site            Mission       INTL.   Catalog  Perigee Apogee  Incl   Notes

Nov 15 2046   Es'hailsat-2            Falcon 9          Kennedy LC39A     Comms       90A   S43700   201 x 37688 x 25.0
Nov 16 1814   Progress MS-10          Soyuz-FG          Baykonur LC1      Cargo       91A   S43702   186 x   226 x 51.6 Docked to ISS
Nov 17 0901   S.S. John Young         Antares 230       MARS LA0B         Cargo       92A   S43704   211 x   252 x 51.6
Nov 18 1807   Beidou DW42 )           Chang Zheng 3B/YZ1 Xichang          Navigation  93A   S43706 21523 x 22194 x 55.0
              Beidou DW43 )                                               Navigation  93B   S43707 21531 x 22194 x 55.0
Nov 19 2340   Shiyan 6   )                                                Unknown     94A   S43710   488 x   504 x 97.4 0600LT SSO  
              Jiading-1  )            Chang Zheng 2D    Jiuquan           Comms       94B?  S43711   489 x   504 x 97.4 0600LT SSO  
              Tianzhi 1  )                                                Tech        94C?  S43712   488 x   504 x 97.4 0600LT SSO  
              Tianping-1A)                                                Calib       94D?  S43713   487 x   504 x 97.4 0600LT SSO  
              Tianping-1B)                                                Calib       94E?  S43714   489 x   504 x 97.4 0600LT SSO  
Nov 21 0142   Mohammed VI-B           Vega              CSG ELV           Imaging     95A   S43717   601 x   606 x 98.0 1020LT SSO
Nov 29 0427   HySIS              )    PSLV-CA           Satish Dhawan     Imaging     96A   S43719   647 x   648 x 98.0 1000LT SSO
              Global-1           )                                        Imaging     96B?  S43720?  484 x   500 x 97.5 1000LT SSO
              CICERO-8           )                                        Weather     96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              Hiber 1            )                                        Comms IoT   96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              HSAT-1             )                                        Tech        96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              Centauri 1         )                                        Comms IoT   96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              CASE               )                                        Comms IoT   96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              FACSAT             )                                        Imaging     96D   S43722   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Reaktor Hello World)                                        Comms       96K   S43728   476 x   500 x 97.5
              InnoSAT-2          )                                        Tech        96V   S43738   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Lemur-2-Orzulak    )                                        Weather/AIS 96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              Lemur-2-Vladimir   )                                        Weather/AIS 96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              Lemur-2-Kobyszcze  )                                        Weather/AIS 96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              Lemur-2-Duly       )                                        Weather/AIS 96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-1         )                                        Imaging     96AE  S43747   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-2         )                                        Imaging     96AF  S43748   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-3         )                                        Imaging     96R   S43734   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-4         )                                        Imaging     96Q   S43733   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-5         )                                        Imaging     96H   S43726   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-6         )                                        Imaging     96Y   S43741   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-7         )                                        Imaging     96Z   S43742   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-8         )                                        Imaging     96J   S43727   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-9         )                                        Imaging     96             476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-10        )                                        Imaging     96E   S43723   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-11        )                                        Imaging     96G   S43725   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-12        )                                        Imaging     96F   S43724   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-13        )                                        Imaging     96AH  S43750   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-14        )                                        Imaging     96AG  S43749   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-15        )                                        Imaging     96T   S43736   476 x   500 x 97.5
              Flock 3r-16        )                                        Imaging     96S   S43735   476 x   500 x 97.5
Nov 30 0227   Kosmos-2530 )         Rokot         Plesetsk LC133/3        Comms       97A   S43751  1485 x  1508 x 82.5
              Kosmos-2531 )                                               Comms       97B   S43752  1485 x  1508 x 82.5
              Kosmos-2532 )                                               Comms       97C   S43753  1485 x  1508 x 82.5
Dec  3 1131   Soyuz MS-11           R-7           Baykonur LC1            Spaceship   98A   S43756   200 x   239 x 51.6

Dec  3 1834   SSO-A UFF     )       Falcon 9      Vandenberg SLC4E        Tech        99    S43758   574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SSO-A LFF     )                                             Tech        99    S43759?  574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Eu:CROPIS     )                                             Rem.Sensing 99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SkySat C12    )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SkySat C13    )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              STPSat 5      )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              KazSTSat      )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              NEXTSat-1     )                                             IR Astron   99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              eXCITe        )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              ICEYE-X2      )                                             Radar       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Global-2      )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              FalconSat-6   )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              ESEO          )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Hawk A        )                                             Elint       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Hawk B        )                                             Elint       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Hawk C        )                                             Elint       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Flock 3s-1    )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Flock 3s-2    )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Flock 3s-3    )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              AISTechSat-2  )                                             Imaging/Com 99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Hiber-2       )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Landmapper-BC4)                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              VESTA         )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              ORS-7A        )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              ORS-7B        )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SIRION PF 2   )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              ITASAT-1      )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Audacy Zero   )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              BRIO          )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Astrocast-0.1 )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Centauri 2    )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Eaglet 1      )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Denali        )                                             Radar       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              ICE-Cap       )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              K2SAT         )                                             Imaging/Com 99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              KazSciSat     )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              MinXSS 2      )                                             Solar X     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Orbital Reflector)                                          Art         99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              RAAF M1       )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SeaHawk       )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SNUSAT 2      )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              THEA          )                                             Sigint      99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Blackhawk     )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              ENOCH         )                                             Art         99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SNUGLITE      )                                             Tech/Comms  99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              PW-Sat 2      )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              VisionCube    )                                             Atmos Sci   99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              RANGE A       )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              RANGE B       )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              MOVE 2        )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Suomi-100     )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Elysium Star 2)                                             Burial      99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Exseedsat-1   )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              Fox-1Cliff    )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              JY1SAT        )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              KNACKSAT      )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SpaceBEE 5    )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SpaceBEE 6    )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SpaceBEE 7    )                                             Comms       99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              DoD Cube 1A   )                                             Comms?      99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              DoD Cube 1B   )                                             Comms?      99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              DoD Cube 2A   )                                             Comms?      99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              DoD Cube 2B   )                                             Comms?      99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              DoD Cube 2C   )                                             Comms?      99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              WeissSat 1    )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              IRVINE02      )                                             Tech        99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO
              SeeMe         )                                             Imaging     99             574 x   590 x 97.8 1017LT SSO

Dec  4 2037   GSAT-11        )      Ariane 5ECA   Kourou ELA3             Comms      100A?  S43823   245 x 35741 x  3.5
              Geo-Kompsat 2A )                                            Comms      100B?  S43824   250 x 35742 x  3.5
Dec  5 1816   Dragon CRS-16         Falcon 9      Canaveral SLC40         Cargo      101A   S43827   204 x   358 x 51.6
Dec  7 0412   SaudiSat-5A  )        Chang Zheng 2D Jiuquan                Tech       102A   S43831   535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              SaudiSat-5B  )                                              Tech       102B   S43832   535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Tianyi X1    )                                              Imaging?   102C?  S43833?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Tianyi X2    )                                              Imaging?   102D?  S43834?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Tianyi X3    )                                              Imaging?   102E?  S43835?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Piao chong 1 )                                              Comms      102F?  S43836?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Piao chong 2 )                                              Comms      102G?  S43837?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Piao chong 3 )                                              Comms      102H?  S43838?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Piao chong 4 )                                              Comms      102J?  S43839?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Piao chong 5 )                                              Comms      102K?  S43840?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Piao chong 6 )                                              Comms      102L?  S43841?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
              Weina-1 03   )                                              Imaging    102M?  S43842?  535 x   551 x 97.6 1030LT SSO
Dec   7 1823  Chang'e 4   )         Chang Zheng 3B  Xichang              Lunar probe 103A            200 x 420000x 29.4
              Lunar rover )                                              Lunar rover 103 

Table of Recent Suborbital Launches
-----------------------------------

The suborbital launches table includes known flights above 80 km.

The KSLV-II TLV tested the second stage LOX/kero engine for South Korea's future KSLV-II rocket.
The 730-kN KARI-75 engine burned for 151s.

Astra launched its second suborbital rocket from Kodiak on Nov 29, but it failed at low altitude
near the launch site.

Date UT       Payload/Flt Name Launch Vehicle      Site                  Mission    Apogee/km    Target

Nov  7 0701   GT228GM           Minuteman 3        Vandenberg            Op. Test     1300?      Kwajalein?
Nov 28 0700   TLV               KSLV-II TLV        Naro                  R&D           209       near Jeju
Nov 30        RVs?              Khorramshahr?      Semnan?               Test          500?      Iranian desert?
Dec  7 1106   VISIONS-2 1       Black Brant X      Svalbard              Auroral       805       Svalbard
Dec  7 1108   VISIONS-2 2       Black Brant X      Svalbard              Auroral       600       Svalbard
Dec  8 0826   TRICE-2 High      Black Brant XIIA   Andoya                Plasma       1042       Norwegian Sea
Dec  8 0828   TRICE-2 Low       Black Brant XIIA   Andoya                Plasma        756       Norwegian Sea

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