Jonathan's Space Pages

Enormous (`Mega') Satellite Constellations

Constellation List

I consider constellations with N > 50 planned satellites as 'Large' and N > 1000 as 'Enormous'.

Each enormous (expected N > 1000 ) planned constellation is listed here. The tables show:

Note: Statements by Greg Wyler of E-Space and others indicate that they do not in fact actually intend to build and deploy the very large number of proposed satellites registered with the ITU by E-Space (Semaphore and Cinnamon constellations). Nevertheless the ITU filings exist and, as far as I know, have not been retracted.


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
SG1: Starlink Constellation, Modified Gen 1 (Apr 2020 Filing)(4408 satellites planned, 4015 up, 3422 operational) 2018-
StarlinkUS0 0 - 0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 22 0
StarlinkUS1 0 Group 1 550 53.0 72 22 1 1270 146 3191735 1584
StarlinkUS 1 1Shell 1-1 547.25 53.050 1269
StarlinkUS 1 2Shell 1-2 549.70 53.000 0
StarlinkUS2 0 Group 2 570 70.0 36 20 0 395 10 3408 720
StarlinkUS 2 1Shell 2-1 572.00 70.000 395
StarlinkUS3 0 Group 3 560 97.6 6 58 0 233 0 0233 348
StarlinkUS 3 1Shell 3-1 565.50 97.600 0
StarlinkUS 3 2Shell 3-2 563.00 97.600 233
StarlinkUS4 0 Group 4 540 53.2 72 22 1505 1524 32 811637 1584
StarlinkUS 4 1Shell 4-1 547.25 53.050 15
StarlinkUS 4 2Shell 4-2 549.70 53.050 0
StarlinkUS 4 3Shell 4-3 542.00 53.050 4
StarlinkUS5 0 Group 5 Filed 560 97.6 4 43 0 0 0 00 172
StarlinkUS TOTAL 3422 188 405 40154408


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
SG2A: Starlink Constellation, Modified Gen 2 Part 1 as approved 11/22(7500 satellites planned, 2490 up, 1816 operational) 2022-
Starlink2AUS5 0 Group 5 530 43.0 28 89 0 682 8 9699 2500
Starlink2AUS 5 2Shell 5-2 559.10 43.000 681
Starlink2AUS6 0 Group 6 523 43.0 0 0 0 826 490 251341 0
Starlink2AUS 6 1Shell 6-1 559.10 43.000 665
Starlink2AUS 6 2Shell 6-2 488.00 43.000 161
Starlink2AUS7 0 Group 7 525 53.0 28 89 0 302 86 1389 2500
Starlink2AUS 7 1Shell 7-1 510.00 53.070 0
Starlink2AUS 7 2Shell 7-2 481.70 53.160 253
Starlink2AUS 7 3Shell 7-3 549.30 53.160 43
Starlink2AUS 7 4Shell 7-4 359.00 53.160 6
Starlink2AUS8 0 Group 8 535 53.0 28 89 0 6 55 061 2500
Starlink2AUS 8 1Shell 8-1 510.00 53.100 0
Starlink2AUS 8 2Shell 8-2 355.00 53.160 7
Starlink2AUS TOTAL 1816 639 35 24907500


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
SG2: Starlink Constellation, Modified Gen 2 Part 2 (Approval deferred by FCC)(22488 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
Starlink2US1 0 Shell 1 340 53.0 48 110 0 0 0 00 5280
Starlink2US2 0 Shell 2 345 46.0 48 110 0 0 0 00 5280
Starlink2US3 0 Shell 3 350 38.0 48 110 0 0 0 00 5280
Starlink2US4 0 Shell 4 360 96.9 30 120 0 0 0 00 3600
Starlink2US5 0 Shell 5 530 43.0 28 30 0 0 0 00 860
Starlink2US6 0 Shell 6 525 53.0 28 30 0 0 0 00 860
Starlink2US7 0 Shell 7 535 33.0 28 30 0 0 0 00 860
Starlink2US8 0 Shell 8 604 148.0 12 12 0 0 0 00 144
Starlink2US9 0 Shell 9 614 115.7 18 18 0 0 0 00 324
Starlink2US TOTAL 0 0 0 022488
Group TotalUS TOTAL 5238 827 440650534396


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
OW: OneWeb Constellation (2021 revision, Phase 1)(716 satellites planned, 640 up, 626 operational) 2019-
OneWebUK1 0 Shell 1 1200 87.9 12 49 0 626 8 6640 588
OneWebUK 1 1Shell 1-1 1221.70 87.887 49
OneWebUK 1 2Shell 1-2 1217.68 87.890 52
OneWebUK 1 3Shell 1-3 1213.73 87.895 53
OneWebUK 1 4Shell 1-4 1209.75 87.895 51
OneWebUK 1 5Shell 1-5 1205.80 87.895 55
OneWebUK 1 6Shell 1-6 1201.73 87.905 58
OneWebUK 1 7Shell 1-7 1197.67 87.915 56
OneWebUK 1 8Shell 1-8 1193.70 87.914 50
OneWebUK 1 9Shell 1-9 1189.70 87.910 50
OneWebUK 1 10Shell 1-10 1185.60 87.914 51
OneWebUK 1 11Shell 1-11 1181.90 87.930 50
OneWebUK 1 12Shell 1-12 1177.80 87.930 51
OneWebUK3 0 Shell 3 1200 55.0 8 16 0 0 0 00 128
OneWebUK TOTAL 626 8 6 640716


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
OW2: OneWeb Constellation (2021 revision, Phase 2)(6372 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
OneWebUK1 0 Shell 1 1200 87.9 36 49 0 0 0 00 1764
OneWebUK 1 1Shell 1-1 1221.70 87.887 0
OneWebUK 1 2Shell 1-2 1217.68 87.890 0
OneWebUK 1 3Shell 1-3 1213.73 87.895 0
OneWebUK 1 4Shell 1-4 1209.75 87.895 0
OneWebUK 1 5Shell 1-5 1205.80 87.895 0
OneWebUK 1 6Shell 1-6 1201.73 87.905 0
OneWebUK 1 7Shell 1-7 1197.67 87.915 0
OneWebUK 1 8Shell 1-8 1193.70 87.914 0
OneWebUK 1 9Shell 1-9 1189.70 87.910 0
OneWebUK 1 10Shell 1-10 1185.60 87.914 0
OneWebUK2 0 Shell 2 1200 40.0 32 72 0 0 0 00 2304
OneWebUK3 0 Shell 3 1200 55.0 32 72 0 0 0 00 2304
OneWebUK TOTAL 0 0 0 06372


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
KP: Kuiper Constellation (Nov 2021 filing, Mar 2024 mod)(3232 satellites planned, 2 up, 0 operational) --
KuiperUS0 0 - 0 0.0 0 0 0 0 2 02 0
KuiperUS1 0 Ka/V A 590 33.0 1 782 0 0 0 00 782
KuiperUS2 0 Ka/V A 590 30.0 1 2 0 0 0 00 2
KuiperUS3 0 Ka/V B 610 42.0 1292 1 0 0 0 00 1292
KuiperUS3 0 Ka/V C 630 51.9 289 4 0 0 0 00 1156
KuiperUS TOTAL 0 2 0 23232


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
XW: Chinese Xingwang Constellation (as launched)(966 satellites planned, 15 up, 9 operational) --
XingwangCN1 0 Shell 1 1110 86.5 16 30 0 1 3 04 480
XingwangCN2 0 Shell 2 1150 86.0 16 30 2 2 3 05 480
XingwangCN3 0 Shell 3 1100 50.0 2 1 3 3 0 03 2
XingwangCN4 0 Shell 4 860 86.4 2 1 1 0 0 00 2
XingwangCN5 0 Shell 5 880 86.0 2 1 3 3 0 03 2
XingwangCN TOTAL 9 6 0 15966


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
GW: Chinese Guangwang Constellation (2021 revision) GW-A59 and GW2(12992 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
GuangwangCN1 0 Shell 1 590 85.0 16 30 0 0 0 00 480
GuangwangCN2 0 Shell 2 600 50.0 40 50 0 0 0 00 2000
GuangwangCN3 0 Shell 3 508 60.0 60 60 0 0 0 00 3600
GuangwangCN4 0 Shell 4 1145 30.0 48 36 0 0 0 00 1728
GuangwangCN5 0 Shell 5 1145 40.0 48 36 0 0 0 00 1728
GuangwangCN6 0 Shell 6 1145 50.0 48 36 0 0 0 00 1728
GuangwangCN7 0 Shell 7 1145 60.0 48 36 0 0 0 00 1728
GuangwangCN TOTAL 0 0 0 012992


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
YNH: Galaxy Space (Yinhe) Constellation(1000 satellites planned, 8 up, 7 operational) 2020-
YinheCN1 0 Shell 1 511 63.5 1 1000 7 7 1 08 1000
YinheCN TOTAL 7 1 0 81000


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
HWH: Hanwha Systems(2000 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
HanwhaKR1 0 Shell 1 500 97.5 1 2000 0 0 0 00 2000
HanwhaKR TOTAL 0 0 0 02000


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
LYNK: Lynk Global cellphone service constellation(2000 satellites planned, 10 up, 6 operational) 2020-
LynkUS1 0 Shell 1 500 97.5 1 2000 6 6 0 410 2000
LynkUS TOTAL 6 0 4 102000


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
Astra: Astra (2021 V-band proposal)(13620 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
AstraUS1 0 1.0 Eq 700 0.0 1 40 0 0 0 00 40
AstraUS2 0 2.0 SSO 690 98.0 14 36 0 0 0 00 504
AstraUS3 0 2.0 Med-I 700 55.0 56 32 0 0 0 00 1792
AstraUS4 0 3.0 SSO 380 97.0 112 20 0 0 0 00 2240
AstraUS5 0 3.0 Low-I 390 30.0 51 96 0 0 0 00 4896
AstraUS6 0 3.0 Med-I 400 55.0 61 68 0 0 0 00 4148
AstraUS TOTAL 0 0 0 013620


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
TEL: Telesat Lightspeed (Canada) (2023 Ka-band proposal with MDA sats)(300 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
TelesatCA1 0 Shell1 1335 72.9 13 12 0 0 0 00 156
TelesatCA2 0 Shell2 1325 48.9 6 18 0 0 0 00 108
TelesatCA3 0 Shell3 1315 31.0 4 9 0 0 0 00 36
TelesatCA TOTAL 0 0 0 0300


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
HVNET: Hughes Network Systems HVNET (2021 V-band proposal)(1440 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
HVNETUS1 0 Shell 1 1150 55.0 36 40 0 0 0 00 1440
HVNETUS TOTAL 0 0 0 01440


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
SPINL: Spin Launch/SN Space Systems (UK) (1190 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
SpinLaunchUS1 0 Shell 1 830 55.0 1190 1 0 0 0 00 1190
SpinLaunchUS TOTAL 0 0 0 01190


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
GLOB: Globalstar (Germany) (3080 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
Globalstar3D1 0 Shell 1 485 55.0 36 35 0 0 0 00 1260
Globalstar3D2 0 Shell 2 515 70.0 10 10 0 0 0 00 100
Globalstar3D3 0 Shell 3 600 55.0 30 30 0 0 0 00 900
Globalstar3D4 0 Shell 4 620 98.0 10 10 0 0 0 00 100
Globalstar3D5 0 Shell 5 700 55.0 24 30 0 0 0 00 720
Globalstar3D TOTAL 0 0 0 03080


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
SEM: E-SPACE Semaphore-C (116640 satellites planned, 0 up, 0 operational) --
SemaphoreFR1 0 Shell 1 415 0.0 1 240 0 0 0 00 240
SemaphoreFR2 0 Shell 2 500 0.0 1 240 0 0 0 00 240
SemaphoreFR3 0 Shell 3 600 0.0 1 240 0 0 0 00 240
SemaphoreFR4 0 Shell 4 415 10.0 16 240 0 0 0 00 3840
SemaphoreFR5 0 Shell 5 500 10.0 16 240 0 0 0 00 3840
SemaphoreFR6 0 Shell 6 600 10.0 16 240 0 0 0 00 3840
SemaphoreFR7 0 Shell 7 415 33.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR8 0 Shell 8 500 33.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR9 0 Shell 9 600 33.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR10 0 Shell 10 415 54.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR11 0 Shell 11 500 54.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR12 0 Shell 12 600 54.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR13 0 Shell 13 415 72.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR14 0 Shell 14 500 72.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR15 0 Shell 15 600 72.0 72 120 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR16 0 Shell 16 415 88.0 36 240 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR17 0 Shell 17 500 88.0 36 240 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR18 0 Shell 18 600 88.0 36 240 0 0 0 00 8640
SemaphoreFR19 0 Shell 19 415 97.8 1 240 0 0 0 00 240
SemaphoreFR20 0 Shell 20 500 97.8 1 240 0 0 0 00 240
SemaphoreFR21 0 Shell 21 600 97.8 1 240 0 0 0 00 240
SemaphoreFR TOTAL 0 0 0 0116640


Constellation State Layer SubShell LayerName Altitude Inclination No of planes Sats per plane Sats on stn Sats on stn Sats off stnSats downTotal Sats launchedTotal Sats PlannedFirst LaunchLast Launch
km deg (planned) (planned) in SubShell in Layer for Layer from Layer for Layerin Layer
ESP: E-SPACE Cinnamon-937 (Rwanda/G. Wyler) (337323 satellites planned, 3 up, 0 operational) 2022-
E-SpaceUS1 0 Shell 1 550 0.0 1 360 0 0 0 00 360
E-SpaceUS2 0 Shell 2 552 24.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS3 0 Shell 3 556 27.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS4 0 Shell 4 559 30.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS5 0 Shell 5 563 33.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS6 0 Shell 6 556 36.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS7 0 Shell 7 570 39.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS8 0 Shell 8 574 42.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS9 0 Shell 9 577 45.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS10 0 Shell 10 581 48.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS11 0 Shell 11 584 51.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS12 0 Shell 12 588 54.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS13 0 Shell 13 592 57.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS14 0 Shell 14 595 60.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS15 0 Shell 15 599 63.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS16 0 Shell 16 602 66.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS17 0 Shell 17 606 69.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS18 0 Shell 18 610 72.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS19 0 Shell 19 613 75.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS20 0 Shell 20 617 78.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS21 0 Shell 21 617 81.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS22 0 Shell 22 620 84.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS23 0 Shell 23 624 87.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS24 0 Shell 24 628 90.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS25 0 Shell 25 631 93.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS26 0 Shell 26 635 96.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS27 0 Shell 27 638 98.0 36 360 0 0 0 00 12960
E-SpaceUS28 0 Shell 28 528 97.5 3 1 0 0 3 03 3
E-SpaceUS TOTAL 0 3 0 3337323


18 : Total planned constellations
537267 : Total planned satellites
8 : Total constellations with at least one launched sat
6733 : Total launched sats in all constellations
5886 : Total launched sats in constellation operational shells
Data last updated: 2024 May 24 16:00:54

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